Melasma or chloasma, in layman’s language, is often referred to as the blackish-colored spots on the face. Melasma is usually found in areas of the body that are often exposed to sunlight, such as the face (forehead, cheeks, around the nose, upper lip and chin), symmetrical, and rise slowly. Normally melanin serves to protect the skin from harmful effects by the sun. In melasma an increase in the number of melanocytes in the skin. The visible brown color can vary, from light brown to dark brown. If you need a cure for melasma, you can use DermClear.
Melasma can affect both men and women. Most at the age of 30-44 years. Melasma is primarily about individuals who are often exposed to sunlight in a long time, with high intensity. Hereditary factors can also be the cause of melasma. Approximately 20-70% of patients with melasma also have a family history of melasma. Increasing hormone levels during pregnancy (3rd trimester) can also be one cause. In women using hormonal contraceptives, melasma occurs generally within 1 month to 2 years after the initiation of use of the family planning. The use of systemic drugs such as chloroquine, chlorpromazine, cytostatic, minocycline can also lead to melasma. Cosmetic ingredients that are photosensitive can also cause melasma.
Melasma treatment can be done by topical (topical) or by chemical surgery or by using electrical surgery. The topical preparation for melasma is to use a skin-safe, cream-shaped gloss applied at night. Chemical peeling/chemical surgery using glycolic acid with a routine is still the best option for treating facial spots. In severe melasma cases, the use of electrical/laser surgery can be a therapeutic option. Consumption of antioxidants regularly every day is also highly recommended.
Preventing sun exposure with the use of sunscreen/sunblock throughout the day is a must do, the other way is to use a hat or umbrella during outdoor activities. Choose a contraceptive that does not contain hormones, and avoid cosmetics are photosensitive.
Melasma is one skin disorder that is not harmful to skin color, but melasma is often seen on the face felt very disturbing appearance and lower self-esteem. The wide range of melasma treatment options available today enables melasma sufferers such as women with multiple activities, pregnant and post-natal women receiving appropriate melasma treatment.